From a very small product to big corporate organizations, SEMTRIO conducts all carbon footprint projects.
A Product Carbon Footprint (PCF) is a process of measuring impact of goods in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. It is method to evaluate goods in terms of their environmental standing and therefore impact. For instance, PCF focuses the single issue that is ‘global warming’ and is based on the comprehensive process of life cycle assessment (LCA). Product Carbon Footprint hence means evaluating products in their different life cycle phases such as extraction, as raw materials, manufacturing, distribution and consumption.
In the larger context carbon footprint is assessment of product’s climate change impact. This means observing the impact in different activities- product as a vision, product becoming a company, product being run as a lifestyle, product as a common commodity in society.
To explain it simple, Product Carbon Footprint is calculated by estimating CO2 emissions which may include other greenhouse gas emissions such as nitrous oxide and or methane. To make the estimation profounder, in some cases the calculation may also involve other types of impacts like the condensation trails from aircrafts’ engines. The final expression is then the single number in terms of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) which means adding all impacts together and then expressing it in single form (Clark, 2012).
SEMTRIO is a fully authorised company for Carbon Offset Trading in OTC Marketplace.
According to Mike Berners-Lee who wrote a book ‘How Bad are Bananas? The Carbon Footprint of Everything’, even in the simplest ways of calculation available today, expressing carbon footprint precisely is a complex thing (Clark, 2012) . There are always some uncertainties in final results of Product Carbon Footprint calculation. For example, emissions caused by burning of litre petrol could be easily known through conventional methods, but the emissions in associated activities like extraction and refinement are still not known. For more complex activities these uncertainties grow even more. Hence, the conventional methods/standards need to be improved to calculate carbon footprint as precisely as we need today for bringing sustainable value-chains and products (Clark, 2012).
BMU, 2019. Product Carbon Footprint. [Online] Viewed at: https://www.bmu.de/en/topics/economy-products-resources-tourism/products-and-consumption/product-carbon-footprint/ [Accessed 2019].
Clark, D., 2012. What's a carbon footprint and how is it worked out? [Online] Viewed at: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2012/apr/04/carbon-footprint-calculated [Accessed 2019].
United Nations, 2019. Sustainability. [Online] Viewed at: https://academicimpact.un.org/content/sustainability [Accessed 2019].
Wells, G., 2013. Sustainable Business: Theory and Practice of Business Under Sustainability Principles. New York: Edward Elgar Publishing.